Ovarian Cancer : Development, Symptoms, Diagnosis And Treatment

2191 Words Nov 30th, 2016 9 Pages
Ovarian Cancer: Development, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment.
Ovarian cancer is the rapid and unregulated division of the ovarian cells and is referred to as the ‘most lethal gynaecologic cancer’ (1). Despite a small lifelong risk of only 1.3% in the general population and only a small proportion of 1.3% of all new cancers, ovarian cancer is the fifth-leading cause of cancer-related death in women (2). This essay will give an insight into the development of this type of cancer, the symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and the prognosis.
Histologic Type Analogous Cell Type
Serous (75%) Endosalpingeal
Mucinous (10%) Endocervical
Endometrioid (10%) Endometrial
Clear cell Mullerian
Transitional cell (Brenner tumour) Transitional
Squamous cell tumour Squamous
Mixed epithelial Mixed
Undifferentiated Anaplastic
Unclassified Mesothelioma, etc. Ovarian cancer is heterogeneous and is broadly categorised into two types: type I which consists of low-grade tumours and type II which are more aggressive, advanced, high-grade tumours. This cancer is usually precisely classified according to the histological source of the tumour. These tumours develop from three different types of tissues in the ovary. The most common and the most life-threatening ovarian cancers are carcinomas which refer to the cancerous epithelial cells arising from the germinal epithelium of the ovary. Ovarian carcinomas are primarily prevalent in postmenopausal women and women over the age of 50 years (3-4) and account…
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