Overpopulation and the Environment Essay

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Humans have greatly impacted the global environment. Throughout the course of history, human populations have rapidly increased. Especially in Africa, these numbers have reached extraordinary proportions. Out of all the continents in the world, Africa’s population is increasing the most. The type of growth here is exponential. “Overpopulation is a condition when an organisms numbers exceeds the carrying of its ecological niche.” The growth rate of a population is equal to the birth rate minus the death rate. Therefore, for overpopulation to occur, the birth rate must surpass the death rate (Wiley). The current population of Nigeria is estimated to be 155,215,573. Most of the population consists of the younger generation. More specifically,…show more content…
Because the population is continually growing, forests are being torn down to provide the people with their ever-growing needs. As a result of deforestation, plant and animal species are losing their homes and over time, if this trend continues, they are going to be extinct ("Effects of Overpopulation"). Additionally, a large number of people excrete wastes and dump pollutants that flow into water sources, polluting the water and destroying animal habitats ("Effects of Overpopulation"). As a result, prices of edible animals are increasing because the majority of the big fish are gone ("Causes and Consequences of Overpopulation"). The United Nations estimated that by 2015, the population of Lagos, Nigeria will grow to 20 million, putting it in spot to be the third largest city in the world ("Lagos Plans To Solve Traffic, Overpopulation Problems With Development"). As the number of cars increase the demand for gasoline exceeds the availability of natural resources ("Causes and Consequences of Overpopulation"). As urban areas, the air and water around them is being polluted. Consequently, this pollution depletes the available resources. In Nigeria, 351,000 hectacres of arable land are being removed every year ("Effects of Overpopulation"). Land that could be used for farming and providing valuable resources is instead destroyed by pollution. Plants in the environment are being wiped out to make room for farmers to
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