Overpopulation in Pakistan

2845 Words Jun 8th, 2009 12 Pages
As we know that the economic development of a country depends on various factors such as natural resources, capital and human resources. Human resources have fundamental importance because without them, the natural resources can not be exploited but overpopulation causes adverse effects on the economy.

The purpose of this assignment is to analyze the impacts of the impacts of overpopulation on the economic development of Pakistan.

Contents of Study:
In order to see the role of population in the economic development, we will consider the world population and growth rate in comparison to that of Pakistan. The qualitative aspects of population, major factors affecting population growth, Malthusian population trap, the problems created by
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We shall deal with the educational factors as an affect of overpopulation rather than the cause.

Growth rate of population:
The growth rate of population is the focal point the economic development of a country. The growth rate of Pakistan is 2.09 %.( See table 3.1 & fig 3.3).The growth rate reached its peak in 1972 and it has been continuously declining over the years.

Death rate:
Pakistan's extremely high rate of population growth is caused by a falling death rate. In 1950 the mortality rate was twenty-seven per 1,000; by 2008 it has fallen to 8.23 deaths per 1000(see table 3.2).

Infant mortality rate:
The decrease in infant mortality rate is also a contributing factor. Figure for infant mortality has always been disputed in Pakistan; it was estimated to be 136 in 1962-65. By 1996-97 it had been estimated to be somewhere around 92-100. The infant mortality rate is 70.45 per 1000 in 2008(see table 3.4).It is indicative of poor medical facilities, inadequate child health care and ignorance among the family members. Maternal
Mortality rate was 340 per 100,000 live births in 1990: it is still the same if not higher as reported by some organizations.

Life expectancy:
The life expectancy of both males and females has continued to increase over the years. Whereas in 1965 women in Pakistan lived to the age of 44.5 years, in 1992 women were expected to live 17 years more. (see table 3.5).
Just as health facilities have

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