Overview and Analysis of the Crusades

1297 Words Sep 26th, 1999 6 Pages
Overview and Analysis of the Crusades

The Crusades were military expeditions planned and carried out by western
European Christians. The crusades started around 1095. The purpose of these crusades was to overtake and gain control of the Holy Land from the Muslims. The
Holy Land was Jerusalem and the Christians believed that gaining control of it was their fate. The pope would gather the people together and incite them. The origin of the crusades was a result of the expanding Turks in the middle east.
These Turkish forces invaded Byzantium, a Christian empire. The crusaders were a militia, sent out to recover what they thought was theirs.

The first crusade was essentially started by Pope Urban II. On November 27, 1095, he gathered his
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Afterwards, their supplies and cavalry were drastically depleted.
The better half of the French army reached Jerusalem and met up with the small remains of the Germans and the old crusaders. Together they ventured to Damascus, but failed to take the city and were badly defeated. The French army and king had had enough and returned home. The small remnants of the Germans stayed with the colonies, along with the old crusaders. Slowly but surely, the states the crusaders had set up were systematically being destroyed. The failure of the second crusade brought on the third crusade.

The Muslims had named a new leader, Nur ad-Din, who regrouped the Muslims and motivated them to take back what believed was theirs. Their leader died a few years later, and was succeeded by their military leader, Saladin. In 1187,
Saladin took his now revived and recuperated army to recapture Jerusalem. In
July, he crushed the crusaders front line army in Galilee. Saladin then led his troops throughout the area of Jerusalem and finally took Jerusalem in early
October. This led to Pope Gregory VIII starting a third crusade. The people in the west knew that their time had come to defeat the Muslims once and for all.
Included in the ranks of men going on the crusade were Fredick I, the Roman emperor; Philip II, the French king; and Richard I, of England. These forces were thought to be one of the most powerful armies assembled during the middle ages. Again, this crusade suffered
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