Overview and Background of Lean Manufacturing

1487 WordsSep 13, 20126 Pages
Overview and Background of Lean Manufacturing History of Lean Manufacturing Toyota Production System Overview The concept of Lean Manufacturing gets is roots from car manufacturing in the early 1930s and 1940s. Stemming from innovative production techniques developed and implemented by Henry Ford, modern day Lean Manufacturing was developed by Taiichi Ohno of Toyota Motor Company after World War II as a result of the diverse market conditions the company faced. At a time when western car manufactures, like Ford and General Motors, where using mass production and economies of scale manufacturing methods, Toyota faced very different business conditions. Toyota 's market was very small and diverse, leaving the organization to…show more content…
Just as with Lean Manufacturing, Lean Construction focuses on establishing value, as defined by the customer, it with the goal of constructing a product that delivers on that value. Thus, value must come before planning and design. (Mohammed). Principle 2: Identify and Map Value Stream In Lean Manufacturing the value stream identifies the necessary steps for developing and creating a product that is valuable from the customer’s perspective. In other words, the value stream determines how and when decisions are made in the production process. Lean Construction uses a similar technique called value stream mapping, as known as process mapping, to understand how a construction project will be designed, supplied, and built. Hence, this is where the planning and design aspects mentioned in the above section, come into play. Typical Lean Construction value stream maps consist of the following: • Problem solving tasks: ranging from concept through detailed design and engineering to production launch. • Information management tasks: ranging from order taking through detailed scheduling to delivery. • Physical transformation tasks: ranging from raw materials to producing finished products that get delivered into the hands of the customer. As demonstrated above, these mapping techniques highlight how the construction plan, design, logistics, and operation
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