Overview of Cognitive Behavior Therapy: Aaron Beck and Albert Ellis.

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History of Theory Cognitive behavior therapy is a relatively young theory in comparison with other theories or approaches available for our use today. Cognitive behavior therapy is thought to be founded by Aaron Beck and Albert Ellis. Both men had made great contributions to the theory and helped make the theory what it is today. We can look back and see that cognitive therapy has historic roots that can be traced back to classical learning of John B. Watson and B. F. Skinner-operant conditioning (Leichsenringme et al., 2006).
Cognitive behavior therapy is a structured model that places responsibility on the client to be active in therapy, homework is often used and assigned which allows the client to fully be active in the process,
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The main importance is on the person’s thoughts and actions rather than their feelings. REBT encourages people to be themselves and to accept that they will make mistakes. They are not perfect and that is okay.
REBT has a central framework that uses the ABC system along with other cognitive behavior therapies. The ABC framework is a central theme. The main purpose of the ABC framework is it creates a tool that better helps to understand the client’s feelings, thoughts, events and behavior (Corey, 2013). “A” stands for an event, “B” stands for the belief about the event and “C” stands for the consequences of “B” at “A” (Dryden, 2008). Ellis believes that we can change our feelings, thoughts and behaviors best by avoiding certain events which lead to specific consequences.
In the 1960’s, Beck was looking into experiments regarding the psychoanalytic concepts of depression but what he found in his research proved to be the opposite of what he was looking for. Beck discovered that clients experienced negative thoughts that seemed to arise thoughtlessly. He called the negative thoughts that people experienced “automatic thoughts”. From his research he was able to determine that the patients’ automatic thoughts fell into three categories; negative ideas about themselves, the world and/or the future. ("History of Cognitive Therapy," n.d.)
Types of Problems Theory is Most Useful Cognitive behavior therapy has been quite helpful in numerous areas of treatment such as but
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