Overview of Computer Information Systems

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Computer information systems Computer information systems have changed the ways in which organizations are structured as well as created a new class of professionals specifically devoted to enhancing the use of computers. "Intra-organizational networks and workgroup computing facilities reduce the information costs of teamwork and hence make it a more efficient solution to the organizational design problem. Client-server computing technology lowers cross-functional (as well as geographic) barriers. IT (when applied properly) streamlines the types of information that used to be the raison d'etre of middle management -- quantitative control information -- and turns it into general knowledge that can be readily transmitted to, and processed by, people other than those who originally gathered the data. A reduction in the number of management layers and the thinning out of middle management ranks is the predictable result" (Brynjolfsson & Mendelson 1993). IT has streamlined organizations by automating processes even while it has demanded new skills of the workforce. The creation of the Internet has fundamentally altered modern culture in terms of the ways in which people relate to one another: it has generated a workplace which exists 24/7, enabling employees to be continually connected to their places of business. IT professionals must manage this new environment to optimize productivity. Computer systems fulfill vital, practical roles for the organization such as data
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