Overview of Congestive Heart Failure Essay

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Congestive Heart Failure is when the heart's pumping power is weaker than normal. It does not mean the heart has stopped working. The blood moves through the heart and body at a slower rate, and pressure in the heart increases. This means; the heart cannot pump enough oxygen and nutrients to meet the body's needs. The chambers of the heart respond by stretching to hold more blood to pump through the body or by becoming more stiff and thickened. This only keeps the blood moving for a short while. The heart muscle walls weaken and are unable to pump as strongly. This makes the kidneys respond by causing the body to retain fluid and sodium. When the body builds up with fluids, it becomes congested. Many conditions can cause heart…show more content…
The diagnosis is made when an ejection fraction of less than 40% is found during an echocardiogram test. Patients with known systolic heart failure and current or prior symptoms are Stage C. Most common symptoms include, shortness of breath, fatigue and reduced ability to exercise. Stage D is patients with systolic heart failure and presence of advanced symptoms after receiving optimum medical care. Other risk factors for heart failure are some diabetes medications, sleep apnea, congenital heart defects, viruses, and irregular heartbeats. Heart Failure can be treated and managed but not cured. It is a chronic condition. The signs and symptoms for heart failure include: Shortness of breath when you exert yourself or when you lie down Fatigue and weakness Swelling in your legs, ankles and feet rapid or irregular heartbeat reduced ability to exercise persistent cough or wheezing with white or pink blood-tinged phlegm increased need to urinate at night swelling of your abdomen sudden weight gain from fluid retention lack of appetite and nausea difficulty concentrating or decreased alertness sudden severe shortness of breath and coughing up pink foamy mucus elevated blood pressure chest pain, if your heart failure is caused by a heart attack To diagnose Heart Failure, your doctor will ask questions

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