Overview of Ilokano Sentence Structures: A Minimalist Approach

3665 WordsJul 11, 200915 Pages
I. IntroductionThis paper is an attempt to describe the structure of Ilokano sentences, concurring with the Minimalist program proposed by Noam Chomsky. The Philippine language being considered is under the Northern Philippine subgroup with an estimated 8,000,000 speakers (NSO, 2002-2004). This study is patterned mainly after the Tagalog Sentence Structures: Minimalist Approach of Resty Cena. In this syntactic description, an overview of the language's lexical phrases will be given for starters. It will move on to defining, classifying and describing the basic sentences of the languages. Errors on this study are solely the author's. II. Lexical PhrasesLexical phrases are headed by a lexical item (as opposed to functional item). Some…show more content…
(Tatlo ang dumating.)Sentences with a Verbal Predicate: Voice Affix as HeadThe head of a verbal sentence is the voice affix. To indicate the head of the verbal sentence, we use the same symbol T as used in English, and we call it Tinig "voice". Gimmatang ti arak ni Juan. (Bumili si Juan ng basi.)Ginatang ni Juan ti arak. (B*inili ni Juan ang basi.) *The voice suffix -in is unrealized. Gimmatang ti arak ni Juan. T' T is voice "tinig". / T VP T -um- , not the root bili, specifies the Voice of the verb. im(m) / V' DP/ ni JuanV DPgatang ti arakWith only an aspect affix, the verb has no subject, thus, Kagatgatang ni Juan ti arak. (Kabibili ni Juan ng basi.) is unacceptable. Furthermore, panag-nominalizations may show aspect and mode, but it is the lack of voice that conditions an unselected subject. ti panag-ininum ni Juan ti basiCVr - is aspect; no voice, no subject(ang pag-iinom ni Juan ng basi)ti panagpaala ni Juan ti pulutanaffix pa- is mode; no voice no subject(ang pagpakuha ni Juan ng pulutan)Later on we will show that T carries a feature that, when satisfied, displaces the agent si Ben to subject position. Sentences with an Adjective Predicate: Adjectivalizer Affix as HeadThe essence of adjectival sentences is the conferment of an attribute, expressed mainly by the adjective head of the predicate, to the subject. The adjective is an attribute term through na- affixation on a base. The head T of the adjectival sentence is Tangi (from katangian)

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