Overview of Key Image Terms: Simile, Metaphor, Personification, Dominant Impression, and Connotation

1491 Words Nov 26th, 2011 6 Pages
Key Image Terms

1. simile- compares two dissimilar objects using like or as.
Example #1: N. Scott Momaday describes shadows from clouds "that move upon the grain like water." Commentary: This simile shows vs. tells. It helps me to picture what the shadows looked like. They weren't stationary, they were moving very fluid over a field of grain. By comparing the shadows to water, Momaday paints a picture of something being intangible to something that is tangible. I didn't directly see the shadows moving over the field, but he took something unfamiliar to me and compared it to something I am familiar with. The simile also instills a sense of calm and peace because he says, "move upon then grain like water," and it's not a threatening tone.
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It's like the wind is blowing so gently that you have to strain to hear it.
Example #2: A student applying to Cornell University personified a dead rat prepared for and served to her in a Super Deer restaurant. She says, "The roasted rat and its crispy skin stared back at the Shaolin family." Commentary: A rat can stare, but its skin cannot. The personification of the cooked rat's "crispy skin" staring back at her creates an uncomfortable impression in the essay, making the reader feel and understand how repulsed the other students had been at the "specialty of the house". It wasn't the rat itself staring (its head had been removed), it was the rat's skin. This not only sounds disgusting, but it also evokes creepy and distressing emotions in the reader. By personifying the roasted rat's skin, the writer is giving a better idea of what everybody thought of their dinner. She doesn't have to come right out and say that everybody thought it looked atrocious. She showed that by the way she went about describing the rat that was served to them.

4. Dominant Impression- the principal effect the writer is trying to convey to the reader.
Example #1: "The sculptures that adorn Philadelphia's City Hall are a catalog of nineteenth-century artistic styles." Commentary: The dominant impression I receive from this sentence is a feeling of elegance and serenity. This is important because it sets the reader up for the

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