Overview of Mood Disorders Essay

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The Mood Disorders category of the DSM-IV-TR, is one of the most dense categories and probably one of the most commonly talked about categories. People often make comments about being depressed or having bipolar disorder; however, they might not truly meet the diagnostic criteria to receive the diagnosis. There are several diagnoses in the Mood Disorders category which have been organized into the following subsections: Major Depressive Disorder, Dysthymic Disorder, Depressive Disorder Not Otherwise Specified, Bipolar I Disorder, Bipolar II Disorder, Cylcothymic Disorder, Bipolar Disorder Not Otherwise Specified, Mood Disorder Due to a General Medical Condition, Substance-Induced Mood Disorder and Mood Disorder Not Otherwise …show more content…
For example, bipolar I disorder and bipolar II disorder are differentiated by the presence of a mixed or manic episode. If a person diagnosed with bipolar II disorder develops a mixed or manic episode, then his diagnosis should be changed to bipolar I Disorder. Another important differential diagnosis is between a major depressive episode, a manic episode and a mixed episode. If a person experiences the criteria to meet a major depressive episode and the criteria to meet a manic episode nearly every day during a minimum of a one week period, then he will receive the mixed episode diagnosis. Furthermore, the difference between a manic episode and a hypomanic episode is that the person in a hypomanic episode is not experiencing a disturbance severe enough to warrant hospitalization or a marked impairment in his occupational functioning or social life.

It is also imperative to note the difference between a major depressive episode and major depressive disorder. Major depressive disorder is diagnosed when a patient has a history of one or more major depressive episodes without a history of mixed, manic or hypomanic episodes. Major depressive disorder is distinguished from dysthymic disorder because a patient with dysthymic disorder has less severe, chronic depressive symptoms which have been present more days than they have been absent for a period of two years (one year for children and adolescence). Patients who chronically have hypomanic symptoms and depressive…