Overview of Scientific Management

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Scientific Management Frederick Taylor is the originator of the system labeled scientific management. In his book, The Principles of Scientific Management (1911) Taylor examines the struggle between management and labor for the control of production. To control production, he developed techniques for the measure and design of machining methods as part of a general plan for increasing the planning functions of management. Taylor's fundamental concept and guiding principle was to design a production system that would involve both men and machines and that would be as efficient as a well-designed, well-oiled machine. Time studies were used to allow management to take control of the operations, thereby controlling production methods, and, by default, production. This system required that management take an active role in the factory and through engineers and salaried foremen take greater control over operations (Backer, 1998). Taylor developed his principles of management while a machinist and foreman at the Midvale Steel Company of Philadelphia. Taylor was bothered by, what was called "worker soldiering," the practice of purposely stalling or slowing down work by the workers. Taylor believed that the objective of workers when they stalled was to keep their employers ignorant of how fast work can be done. Taylor believed the principal object of management should be to secure the maximum prosperity for the employer along with the maximum prosperity for employees. He asserted
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