Overview of Terrorist Organizations: Al-Qaeda and Aum Shinrikyo

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Codex: Two Terrorist Organizations Al-Qaeda and Aum Shinrikyo Al Qaeda: Origins People too commonly forget that the story of Al-Qaeda is very much the story of Osama Bin Laden: so much of the development and evolution of Al-Qaeda truly is dependent on this one man. Thus, this means that their narratives are forever intertwined. "The primary founder of Al Qaeda, Osama bin Laden, was born in July 1957, the seventeenth of twenty sons of a Saudi construction magnate of Yemeni origin. Many Saudis are conservative Sunni Muslims, and bin Laden appears to have adopted militant Islamist views while studying at King Abdul Aziz University in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia" (Katzman, 2005). The beginnings of Al-Qaeda were small, but decisive. Bin Laden arrived in Afghanistan not long after the Soviets started to invade Afghanistan in 1979, using some of his own money to make a name for himself as the primary fiscal supporter of the Afghan mujahedin and the main recruiter of Arab and other willing participants/ soldiers for the war at the time (Katzman, 2005). Bin Laden aligned with Azzam in 1984 and structured a level of assistance by creating an intensive organization network of offices in the Arab region, parts of Europe and in America; this network was referred to as the Maktab al Khidamat (Services Office) (Katzman, 2005). Scholars and professionals largely view the Maktab as the organization lead of Al Qaeda; this time also marked a period when Bin Laden fought in the war, sustaining

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