Overview of The Endocrine System

713 Words3 Pages
The endocrine system is a very important part of the anatomy and physiology of the human body. Knowing and understanding how this system operates and what contributes to its failures can be helpful in understanding how the body contributes to overall health and wellness. The purpose of this essay is to highlight and describe the adreanal glands, an important component of the endocrine system. In this analysis, this essay will describe the location and normal physiology of the adrenal glands and discuss the hormones that are associated with this part of the body. Also the feedback mechanisms and communication system within the group of endocrine glands will be discussed. Finally a malfunction of the adrenal glands will also be introduced to highlight how disease and illness can negatively impact the endocrine system and the human body's means of healing. Role of the Adrenal Glands Adrenal glands, which are also called suprarenal glands, are small, triangular glands located on top of both kidneys. Adrenal glands are made of two parts: the outer region, called the adrenal cortex, and the inner region, called the adrenal medulla. The adrenal glands work with the hypothalamus and pituitary gland, as well and secrete hormones that affect metabolism, blood chemicals, and certain body characteristics. Adrenal glands also secrete hormones that help a person deal and manage with both physical and emotional stress. The adrenal glands produce four main hormones: 1. Catecholamines -
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