Overview of the City of Brasilia

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1.0 Introduction The city of Brasilia, which succeeded Rio de Janeiro as capital of Brazil on April 21st 1960, was built in less than three years, and soon became an outstanding tourist attraction. In fact, since 1985 it has numbered among the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage Sites. Until the 1980s, the mayor of Brasilia was appointed by the Federal Government, and the laws of Brasilia were issued by the Federal Senate. After the Constitution of 1998, Brasilia gained the right to elect its Governor, and a District Assembly was elected to exercise the Legislative Power(About Brasilia, 2010b). There are both political and environmental forces as well as economic aspects that lend Brasilia attraction as a tourist center. Its former location, Rio de Janeira, had received a certain notoriety for its slum areas where construction workers lived in collusion. and where the city was marked by poverty. Another distinguishing factor was the seeming disorderliness and lack of separation between urban architecture such as housing, business, administration, hotels, and so forth. The new capital decided to build on new principles, segregating each section so that activities are kept disparate and that no long distances need to be negotiated between one spot and another. 2.0 Issues 2.1 Environmental 2.1.1 Description Just five years before its construction, the area resembled a desert, with no people, scarce water, few animals and plants(About Brasilia, 2012). The city has become a
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