Overview of the Executive Branch of USA's Political System

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Background on the system The President of the United States represents the executive branch in its most important functions. In this sense, as stated in the Constitution, "the executive power shall be vested in a President of the United States of America. He shall hold his Office during the Term of four years"¦together with the Vice President" (The United States Government Manual , 2008). The Cabinet led by the Vice President is the other part of the executive body. The increased role of the President, even if the Constitution had always envisaged it as strong, became visible during the presidency of F.D. Roosevelt who experienced the Big Crisis and thus the New Deal projects. At that time, there was a need for an increased role of the president, one that was legally supplied by the Constitution. The people directly elect the president and therefore the vice president as well as the Cabinet (Bara and Pennington, 2009). Unlike other countries, the United States holds elections not for the parliament but rather for the president and for the executive branch. In this respect, it is important to note the issue of responsibility, which could be considered at a higher degree than other types of government such as the semi presidential republics. The President, given his direct link to the people, is also directly accountable, at least in the theory of political science through the vote given by the electorate. This has had a major importance in the last decades in terms of

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