Overview of the No Child Left Behind Act

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No Child Left Behind No Child Left behind Act was the brainchild of President George W. Bush administration. The No Child Left behind legislation was signed into law on January 8, 2002. The act compels public schools receiving federal funding to carry out statewide standardized tests annually to all the students (Williams, McClellan, & Rivlin, 2010). Students have to take same test under same conditions. This essay seeks to enumerate ways in which the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 impact public schools. After the Introduction of NCLB, test driven accountability has become the norm in public schools. Other stakeholders in the education sector have raised concerns that reliance on test as a measure of educational achievement may be misleading a move that NCLB has defended saying that theirs has been to direct attention to low achieving students with a view to improving their performances (Dee & Jacob, 2010). Analyses that have been conducted by stakeholder organizations have shown that NCLB impacts particular schools and districts differently. Title 1 schools missing AYP criteria for two consecutive years have been slapped with title 1 sanctions. Because non-title 1 schools do not receive title 1 funding, they never face title 1 sanctions even if they fail to make AYP. Schools missing AYP have always been associated with negative publicity and visibility that has culminated into stigma (Chakrabarti, 2012). Reports from state and district officials have indicated that
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