P3 Explain specific health psychology issues Essay example

3972 Words Mar 18th, 2014 16 Pages
P3 Explain specific health psychology issues
Eating disorders are characterised by an abnormal attitude towards food that causes an individual to change their eating habits and their behaviour. There are several types of eating disorders that can effect an individual physically, psychologically and socially. The two eating disorders which I will be discussing is anorexia and bulimia.

Anorexia is an eating disorder and a mental health condition which can be life-threatening. Anorexia is an irrational fear of gaining weight, it typically involves excessive weight loss and usually occurs more in females than in males.
There are four clinical characteristics of individuals with anorexia which are-
An individual behavioural symptoms
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I will now go on to the psychodynamic approach which was developed by Sigmund Freud.
The family systems theory
Minuchin believes that individuals who are anorexic tend to come from enmeshed families. Enmeshed families is families that tend to stick their noses in other people’s business. Children feel they only have control over what they eat. The bad points about this is that it doesn’t explain the fact that there is higher rates of eating disorders now rather than in the 1950’s. Cause or result – does the family actually stick their nose into other peoples business which is seen as a cause as their constantly looking at other people’s lives or do they stick their nose in because the girl is anorexic because of the enmeshed family or is the family enmeshed because the girls anorexic. Although this can’t explain gender differences or can’t explain the sudden increase in recent years.
The influence of sexual development
Proposed that the disorder represents on unconscious effort by a girl to remain pre-pubescent as children want to remain child-like and have a fear of sexually maturing.
This theory can’t explain anorexia in boys and why there is higher rates of anorexia in these days.
The influence for the struggle for Autonomy
This theory was proposed by Brunch in 1971, Brunch believes that there are two types of parent’s effective parents and ineffective parents. According to Brunch he believes that effective parents feed their children
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