Essay about PICO

2710 Words Oct 5th, 2013 11 Pages
Within Clinical settings the prevalence of nosocomial Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections is rising which is placing more patients at risk of acquiring an infection and placing more strain on the health care system, as patients receiving these infections are occupying hospital beds for extended periods of time (Chaberny et al 2008, p 526). With this knowledge, the author has identified that there is a lacking of screening measures that, if implemented, may help to reduce patients being exposed to nosocomial infections whilst in the clinical setting. Therefore, the question the author has developed asks “Does MRSA screening on admission, reduce the risk of other patients in acquiring a nosocomial infection within …show more content…
Whilst during the screening process 114 of the 205 were identified as being high-risk. This again demonstrates that the need for screening programs as they allow for identification of MRSA positive patients which may, if not identified place other patients and health care works at risk of cross infection.

The second article selected, ‘A point prevalence study for MRSA in a German university hospital to identify patients at risk and to evaluate an established admission screen procedure’, was conducted due to the increasing rates of MRSA in Germany. It is a cross-sectional study conducted to determine the incidence of MRSA and Panton-Valentine leukcidin (PVL) among a range of inpatients. The study further focused on identifying patients at risk for MRSA colonization within the clinical setting. The study was conducted within a 1330 bed university hospital located within North West Germany. It was conducted over twenty two days in 2005. The results of the study found that, of 509 inpatients, 27 were found to be MRSA positive carriers. Nosocomial acquisition was identified in 3 patients, and 4 patients were found to have MRSA identified on the wards without routine screening.

The third article selected, ‘Reduction in the rate of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus acquisition in surgical wards by rapid screening