It can also occur during blood transfusion or during dressing change. The insertion of central catheters can occur in the Interventional Radiology or sometimes at the bedside. Regardless of the where the insertion process occur, a sterile field must always be maintained and sterile techniques must always be employed to prevent any organisms from being introduced to the central line into the patient. According to The Joint Commission (2013), many organizations such as Michigan Keystone Intensive Care Unit Project and Institute for Healthcare Improvement are actually adhering to insertion bundles to reduce the CLABSI rates. The bundles include hand hygiene, maximal barrier precautions, chlorhexidine skin preparation, avoidance of femoral vein, and prompt removal of central catheter. Furuya et al. (2011) studied the effectiveness of the insertion bundle and how it impacts the bloodstream infections for patients in the Intensive Care Unit. As a result, lesser infection have occurred when the compliance is high. As mentioned, the site of the catheter also needs to be considered in the insertion process. Avoiding areas such as the groin to access the femoral artery is recommended because this area can be easily contaminated with urine or feces. In addition, after the insertion of a new central line, all the used IV tubing
Only when it is absolutely necessary should a catheter be inserted into a patient. Every patient is assessed for the need for a Foley catheter. If the Foley is inserted, assessments are also then done daily to see if the need is still valid. If the reason is not justifiable the catheter must be removed from the patient (Joint Commission releases new NPSG for CAUTI, 2011). Nurses must follow guidelines while inserting indwelling catheters as well. Aseptic technique is critical to maintain during this process. The use of sterile equipment and a sterile procedure helps to reduce the risk of CAUTI. If in any way the catheter becomes contaminated during the process of insertion, the nurse should discard of the entire catheter and start with a new, sterile kit. Proper hand hygiene is very important before and after contact with indwelling catheters to decrease risk of infection. Maintenance of a close drainage is system is also important that way bacteria are not able to get in and cause infection (Revello & Gallo, 2013). Decreasing the number of times Foleys are inserted and how long they stay in for can help reduce the risk of CAUTI since the longer a Foley stays in, the higher the risk of infection becomes. Nurses must keep the catheter line patent, with no kinks to allow urine to flow freely through into the collection bag. When a urine sample must be obtained it must be done in a sterile
Lewis et al. explain in Medical-Surgical Nursing, a central line is a catheter placed into a large blood vessel for a patient who requires frequent or long-term access to the vascular system. The authors explain that catheters are used for the administration of high volume fluids, medications that are irritating (such as chemotherapy), long term pain medication, blood products, parenteral nutrition, and hemodialysis. Kaiser policy states four different types of central line used for patients: Centrally inserted catheters, peripherally inserted catheters, injection implanted ports and hemodialysis catheters. Centrally inserted catheters
Until recently it was not uncommon for patients admitted to an acute care facility to have an indwelling catheter anchored for unnecessary reasons. Patients that came in thru the emergency department typically were sent to the units with unnecessary indwelling catheters in place and it was not unusual for a surgery patient to have an indwelling catheter anchored before or during a procedure. Once a patient was admitted and was transported to the units nursing would also anchor indwelling catheters for multiple unnecessary reasons. These Catheters could be
Usage of indwelling urinary catheters in critically ill patients can seem to be a permanent fixture in intensive care units. Most critical care nurse expect their patients to have an indwelling urinary catheter (IUC) in place without much regard to the risk of catheter associated urinary tract infections (CAUTI) or the ability to implement IUC alternatives. Critical care patients may require IUC usage due to diagnosis, need for accurate hourly intake and output measurements, or other specified documented reasons. The risk of acquiring a catheter associated urinary tract infections is a result of IUC usage. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Guideline for Prevention of Catheter-associated
Focus on enhancing quality of care has exaggerated on a nationwide scale. Decreasing preventable damages within the health care settings is being on focus furthermore. From this there has been an immediate connection between repayment to quality through pay-for-reporting and pay-for-execution programs. Around 25% of the hospitalized patients have an indwelling catheter in place (Saint, Kowalski, Forman et al., 2008) and there is a 3% to 7% has the probability to get urinary tract infections in such cases. The infection could cause the signs of bladder distress, trouble in urination, and high temperature in such patients. Analysis shows that 48% of patient who has indwelling catheter complains of pain from the catheter, 42 % experience inconvenience from the catheter and 61% found that their daily activities are exceptionally constrained by these catheters (Saint, Lipsky, Baker, McDonald, & Ossenkop, 1999). Urinary tract infections may prompt bacteremia (infection
A Foley catheter is a thin, sterile tube inserted into the bladder to drain urine ( ). There are many types of catheters such as a straight, indwelling, and condom catheters. A straight catheter is one that does not stay inside the person. It is removed immediately after urine is drained. An indwelling catheter is one that stays inside of the bladder for a period of time. And last, a condom catheter is one that has an attachment that fits onto the penis. This catheter is changed daily or as needed. For the purpose of this document, the care that is going to be performed will need to be performed on a patient/resident with an indwelling catheter.
The National Patient Safety Goal NPSG 0.7.06.01 entitled “ Use proven guidelines to prevent infection of the urinary tract that are caused by catheter.” was selected (The Joint Commission, 2015). Gould, Umsheid, Agarwal, Kuntz, Pegues and Healthcare Infections Control Practices Advisory Committee (2009) reported that in an acute care hospital, a urinary catheter is the most commonly used medical devices (as cited in Acker, 2014). What is a urinary catheter. A urinary catheter is a thin tube inserted into the bladder to drain urine. A collection system bag is connected to the catheter
The National Patient Safety Goal NPSG 0.7.06.01 entitled “ Use proven guidelines to prevent infection of the urinary tract that are caused by catheter.” was selected (The Joint Commission, 2015). Gould et al. (2010) reported that in an acute care hospital, a urinary catheter is the most commonly used medical devices (as cited in Acker, 2014). What is a urinary catheter? Urinary catheter is a thin tube inserted into the bladder to drain urine. A collection system bag is connected to the catheter (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2010). Gokula et al. (2014) asserted, short-term and long-term
PICCs lines have become well recognized as reliable central venous access devices (VADs), with lower potential for complications than short-term central venous catheters. PICCs first gained popularity in the 1980s, and their use has grown steadily since then. They were initially popular in many parts of the United States due to the need for venous access in home care patients. They have grown in popularity because of their reduction in potential complications and costs compared with short-term central venous catheters, and because PICCs can be inserted by registered nurses who have been trained in the procedure.
The lesson and case studies presented for evaluation was a great learning exercise. A better understanding of how to interpret data was gained. Also, weighing the clinical significance versus the statistical significance to show relevance is invaluable. All research is not quality research and one must be equipped to recognize bias, threats to validity and proper population representation. Moreover, critiquing the credibility of a study is essential to the health care advances.
Because the US uses an estimated 150 million PIVCs annually, and catheter-related complications (CRC) are presumed to be directly related to the indwell time (Lopez et al., 2014), this study
Peripheral IV catheterization is a painful and potentially anxiety-provoking procedure for the patients. The interventions to reduce the pain caused by venipuncture were explored in the past decades (Oman, 2014). The majority of the studies reviewed in this summary included one level 1 evidence of meta-analyses (Oman, 2014), three level 2 evidences of randomized controlled trials (Beck, 2011; Deguzman, 2012; Kahre, 2011) and one level 3 evidence of controlled trials without randomization (Levitt , 2013). Many studies have demonstrated that 1% lidocaine intradermal injection before IV insertion can reduce the pain significantly (Oman, 2014). Kahre and his colleagues’ study indicated bacteriostatic normal saline (BNS) group had lower pain score
The use of intravenous therapy in the hospitals is now considered a routine therapy. In 2016, DeVries and Valentine stated that 70% to 80% of hospital patients have peripheral intravenous lines at some time during their stay. A peripheral intravenous (PIV) line is a small hollow tube (catheter) that is inserted into a vein and can be connected to special tubing. PIV line is commonly used to administer medications or fluids directly into the vein. The article “Intravenous Therapy: A Review of Complications and Economic Considerations of Peripheral Access,” states that the history of intravenous (IV) therapy dates back to the Middle Ages. Dr. Thomas Latta pioneered the use of IV saline infusion during the cholera epidemic and in the 20th century, two world wars established a role for IV therapy as routine medical practice (Dychter, Gold, Carson, & Haller, 2012).
4) Significance: This research shows that there is a gap in the evidence, but that the primary concern for nursing staff is to ensure that catheters are removed as soon as it is possible to do so.