PK Curriculum: Education and Curriculum Constructivism
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Background The Early Child Curriculum
Preschool education has evolved dramatically since the early 20th century; from strict and rigid control paradigms, to enriched programs like the Montessori Method and beyond. Learning is a life-long adventure in the philosophy of discovery. To maximize learning, one cannot underestimate two things: learning opportunities and the environment surrounding the learning activity. Learning opportunities must be interesting, meaningful, and purposeful for learners particularly children.
Education prepares children for life, not for any specific social institution. Since each person is born with innate gifts that are unique to their own personality, the perceptive educator must nurture those gifts and help the child discover their own individual purpose. Because the process of education is individualized, the school should be away from an indoor "room" and, if possible, in the country, without textbooks, in which the teacher uses nature to discuss science, art, history, philosophy, etc. Rote memorization is discouraged, as is corporal punishment. In fact, the two most important lessons for historical viewpoints on education are that the child learns morality by experiencing the consequences of inappropriate acts and that the most important thing a teacher can do is guide the process of thinking and reading, so that the child can explore the world through their own gifts. This is particularly important when thinking about children as open