Pablo Neruda Poem Analysis

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I want you to stop and think about tone in day to day conversations. It mostly depends on the body language, volume of voice, and pitch of the person speaking. Written poems, on the other hand, develop their tone through imagery, language use, and form. To show this, I will be using the poem “Tonight I can write” by analyzing how Pablo Neruda works with distant imagery, nostalgic past tense, and repetitive form to develop a grief-filled tone. Through my analysis, I will be mentioning that the author generates loneliness in the persona. I expect the reader to agree that solitude is a state naturally feared and unwanted by humankind because of our undeniable biological drive to reproduce and survive, which requires the company of others. With that being said, I hope that we can assume loneliness is essentially connected to grief.

The first way I noticed that Pablo Neruda uses form to establish a grief-filled tone in his poem is by repetition, specifically, of the word “night”. The word is present through his entire work. Nights are linked to darkness, and darkness is neurologically linked to depression. In 2007, some neuroscientists at the University of Pennsylvania conducted a study with rats which concluded that light deprivation produces depression in rats. So it is scientifically correct to say that this repeated darkness adds to the grief-filled tone. His first word in both the title and line 1 of the poem is “Tonight” (1) which derives from the word night. After this,
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