Pablo Picasso's Guernica Essay

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Pablo Picasso. A household name to many - be it good or bad. Pablo Picasso is one of the most famous and influential artists of the 20th century. He is best known, as pablopicasso.org states, “for co-founding the cubist movement and for the wide variety of styles embodied in his work.” This was an odd progression considering the fact that most of his younger years were spent painting in a mostly realistic style. This all began to change around the 12th century, when Picasso began to push the limits of his creativity and the mediums he experimented with. A few of these numerous mediums were oil paintings, sculpture, drawings, and even architecture. Maybe his use of a vast range of mediums was part of the reason he became so…show more content…
Innocent civilians were gunned down as they fled from the town and after the siege, Guernica burned for “three days”. Pbs.org also states “Sixteen hundred civilians were killed or wounded.” This rapidly evolved into a way for Picasso to reveal a profound, troubling, and personal issue in his home country of Spain. This wildly chaotic eleven foot tall and 25.6 foot wide mural-size canvas painted in blue, black, and white oil paints; was created as a response to the Nazi’s assault on a rebellious town in Spain during the Spanish Civil War called, Guernica. Guernica illustrates for the viewer the tragedy, chaos, and suffering of war, primarily that of innocent civilians. It is this message that has made Guernica one of the most famous anti-war paintings in the world. Initially this work was a requested painting for the World’s Fair. However, Tara Pepper writes in her article for Newsweek that, “When Pablo Picasso was asked to paint the centerpiece for Spain's pavilion at the 1937 World's Fair, no one expected him to create what remains one of art's most disquieting depictions of war.” Even with all this fame and political incentive to this painting, interpretations of Guernica still differ greatly and are highly contradictory. Pablopicasso.org thinks this maybe because of the two dominant elements of the painting, “The bull and the horse.” The bull and horse are both symbols common in Spanish art. But they are also
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