Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences

6157 Words Nov 8th, 2012 25 Pages
Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences (PJSS) Vol. 31, No. 1 (June 2011), pp. 185-199

Unions and Management: A Case Study of Pakistan Telecommunication Corporation
Muhammad Shaukat Malik
Assistant Professor of Management and Human Resources Bahauddin Zakariya University Multan, Pakistan E-mail: shoukatmalik@bzu.edu.pk

A. B. Basit
Associate Professor of Economics, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur

Ahmad Kamal Qazi
Assistant Manager-Marketing, PTCL, Multan Pakistan. E-mail: qazi_kamal@yahoo.com

Abstract
Unions basically seek to advance the interest of their members. As a principal goal, unions exert a strong influence on individuals, organizations and upon the government to advance the economic and social positions of their
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By concluding all definitions we can say that labor union is “Organization whose membership consists of workers and union leaders, and whose principal purposes are to negotiate wages and working condition terms, regulate relations between workers (its members) and the employer, take collective action to enforce the terms of collective bargaining, raise new demands on behalf of its members, and help settle their grievances”. The concept of combined effort by the workers to protect their rights was initiated in 18th century from Britain. According to Mohar (2007), union were initially started in great Britain in 1780 when workers united against the Combination Act implemented by the then Prime Minister William Pitt but they did not succeed and faced even more bitter laws like The Gagging Act (1817), Six Acts etc. Relief was started with the introduction of the Master and Servant Act (1867), the trade union act (1871), Conspiracy and property act of (1875), The Employer’s Liability Act (1880). However the unions got their real strength in 1913 after the implementation of Trade Union Act which gave the unions the right to have its subscriptions into a political and a social fund. The trend of unionism in Britain afterwards expanded to USA. Reynolds
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