Palestine Dispute Essay

1560 Words7 Pages
After the defeat of the Ottoman Empire in World War I, the control of Palestine shifted from Muslim to Western powers. Britain promised Jews and Zionists the land in Palestine in the form of the Balfour Declaration. However, at the same time, there were already Palestinians living in that land. Even today, there is no correct answer as to who should have rightfully acquired the land; however, the Palestinian Arabs should have cooperated when the Jews immigrated to the Palestine. There are plenty of facts which support both sides. The solution can only be determined through one’s opinion.
According to Biblical sources, Arabs and Israelites first met in Palestine about 1500 to 500
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The Jews always had a lot of faith which kept them active for centuries. Theodore Herzl, a renowned journalist and writer, was the father of the Zionist movement. The anti-Semitism that extended throughout France and Austria influenced Herzl to do something. He realized that the only way to stop the anti-Semitism was to establish a Jewish state.
World War I transformed the Zionists’ viewpoints. When Turkey joined Germany and Austria against Britain, France and Russia, its defeat brought about the collapse of the Ottoman Empire and an end to the Turkish control of Palestine. However, before this, Zionists put pressure on the British who, at the time, were bearing the burden of the fighting in the Middle East and who expressed sympathy for the idea of a Jewish homeland.
In 1917, thanks to the efforts of Chaim Weizmann, a passionate Zionist, the British Foreign Secretary, Lord Balfour, issued a proclamation that was to going to make Theodore Herzl’s dream of a Jewish homeland come true. The Zionists’ goal seemed within reach for Great Britain issued the famous Balfour Declaration. This document, issued on November 2, 1917, was a statement to the effect that Britain would support the creation in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people. It was probably the most wonderful thing that happened to the Jews in eighteen hundred years. (Barker 9)
The document read:
“His Majesty's

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