Pamd501 Paper

704 Words3 Pages
Classical Organizational Theory deals with the “systematic processes necessary to make bureaucracy more efficient and effective.” Name three scholars that are credited with the development of classical organization thought that most correctly fit into this definition of Classical Organizational Theory. What were the basic arguments articulated by each in their contributions to the development of Classical Organizational Theory?

Classical organizational theory evolved during the first half of this century. Formal organizational study spans the fields of business administration, economics, political science, statistics, sociology, psychology, and public administration. It represents the merger of scientific management, bureaucratic
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The most prominent model of bureaucracy was formulated by German Sociologist Max Weber during the nineteenth century. Webster’s model was formulated from the rampant patronage systems that existed during his time. Webster’s model proposed a solution for more professionally and efficiently managed merit-based organizations.Webster’s model however, represented a broad framework rather than an all encompassing model, complete in every detail.The central goal of Webster’s model was to make possible an optimum degree of control.Weber's bureaucratic theory emphasized the need for a hierarchical structure of power. It recognized the importance of division of labor and specialization. A formal set of rules was bound into the hierarchy structure to insure stability and uniformity. Weber also put forth the notion that organizational behavior is a network of human interactions, where all behavior could be understood by looking at cause and effect. He prescribed these five key elements(1) division of labor and functional specialization, (2) hierarchy, (3) maintenance of files and other records, and
(4) professionalization. The ultimate in formal theory of organization is control from top levels of management all the way down over all organizational activities and needs.
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