Pananaliksik Sa Filipino

797 Words4 Pages
Gestalt Psychology Gestalt psychology[->0] is a school of psychology based upon the idea that we experience things as unified wholes. This approach to psychology began in Germany and Austria during the late 19th century in response to the molecular approach of structuralism. Instead of breaking down thoughts and behavior to their smallest elements, the gestalt psychologists believed that you must look at the whole of experience. According to the gestalt thinkers, the whole is greater than the sum of its parts. Humanistic psychology instead focused on individual free will, personal growth and the concept of self-actualization[->1]. While early schools of thought were largely centered on abnormal human behavior, humanistic psychology…show more content…
According to behaviorism the subject matter of psychology is behavior including how and why is happens. Psychology through a behaviorists eye is an experimental extension of natural science. The goal of behaviorism is the prediction and control of behavior. The behaviorist uses animals responses and compares them to man. The behavior of man is only part of the total investigation of behaviorism. There are also many individuals responsible for the development a behaviorism. Psychoanalysis Psychoanalysis[->7] is a school of psychology founded by Sigmund Freud[->8]. This school of thought emphasizes the influence of the unconscious mind[->9] on behavior. Freud believed that the human mind was composed of three elements: the id, the ego and the superego[->10]. The id is composed of primal urges, while the ego is the component of personality charged with dealing with reality. The superego is the part of personality that holds all of the ideals and values we internalize from our parents and culture. Freud believed that the interaction of these three elements was what led to all of the complex human behaviors. Existentialism is a philosophical outlook that stresses the importance of free will, freedom of choice, and personal responsibility. This perspective ... Individualism: Individualism is a social psychological term that refers to the ways in which people identify themselves and focus their goals. Individualism, which is the opposite of
Open Document