Pantheon: A Masterpiece of Roman Architecture

Decent Essays
Il Pantheon (Pantheon) “pan” means all, “theon” means God. It is a preserved intact Roman Empire building, located in the centre of Rome, Italy. It was built in 27-25 BC by Marcus Agrippa, and Emperor Hadrian rebuilt it in 125 AD. Pantheon is a masterpiece of Roman architecture; it was a unique building that combined two different styles. Michelangelo praised it as an angel design. It becomes the object of learning of Italian architects during Renaissance. Besides, many famous artists such as Raphael were buried here, but also the kings like Vittorio Emanuele II and Umberto I. In 609 AD, Byzantine Emperor dedicated Pantheon to Pope Boniface IV; the Pope renamed it as Santa Maria ad Martyrs, which is the official name of the Pantheon today. Nowadays, Pantheon is still used as a Catholic church; the people will celebrate the Mass and wedding there. It is also a world-famous tourist attraction.
Holly Hayes discovered that Pantheon was built by Octavian's lieutenant Agrippa about 27 BC in order to commemorate Octavian defeated Mark Antony and Cleopatra in the Battle of Actium. Pantheon was used as a temple to worship the gods of Olympia Mountains during that period but this original temple was destroyed by fire in AD 80. It only left a rectangular portico and 16 12.5-meter-high granite columns, which was later rebuilt as part of the pantheon porch.
In AD 125 years, the Roman Emperor Hadrian rebuilt the building. Hadrian was not only a wise emperor, he also an architect
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