Paradox of the Republic

2782 Words Nov 11th, 2001 12 Pages
Paradoxes are ideas that seem to be in opposition to one another but are mutually needed to function. In Plato 's Republic he discusses several paradoxes. While reading The Republic we can see which side of these paradoxes Plato favors. We find which side he feels should be stressed so that we may live in a reasonable and safe society and be better human beings. There are three categories in which these paradoxes have been divided into: ethical, metaphysical and political. Plato was a legendary Athenian philosopher. His main influence was his teacher, Socrates, whom he thought died unjustly. The Republic was written in dialogues narrated by Socrates. These dialogues were Socrates ' teachings as best Plato could remember them. His …show more content…
When Plato was thinking out his Republic he felt society took president over the individual. "The whole is greater than it 's parts", he said. However, Plato also said, "you need to balance the order of society with the rights of the individual." Plato felt in a natural state people would war against on another. That is why a civil or social contract is needed to keep man from killing one another. Man would then enter into this social contract for protection, to trade goods and services with others and simply to have their needs taken care of. For this social contract to be successful each individual must have a responsibility and an obligation to his fellow man and follow the rules of the contract. In this way the individual will gain but society will prevail. It is a give and take proposition. People are working for the benefit of society and individuals benefit from working for the society. Plato wanted to set up an interdependent society where we would service one another with competence, where each one would better themselves by working for the society and fulfilling different needs. Everyone would be working for the betterment of society and thereby helping themselves. "We are stronger together than we are individually."
In the paradox of order and change, Plato favors order. In Plato 's Republic he speaks of a specific social order and feels that there are absolute laws and reasons without exceptions to keep that order. He feels

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