Paradoxes Of Culture And Globalization

1185 WordsMar 7, 20165 Pages
Paradoxes of Culture and Globalization What is a culture and why are there so many definitions of a culture? Does it matter? Is it rapidly changing? An how does globalization impact a culture? During my research I have found many definitions of a culture, but the most admired one that was mentioned by Martin Gannon in his book of Paradoxes of Culture and Globalization. He indicates that a culture is defined by two famous anthropologists, Alfred Kroeber and Clyde Kluckhohn, who have studied more than 100 definitions of culture in 1952. They have stated that "Culture consists of patterns, explicit and implicit, of and for behavior acquired and transmitted by symbols, constituting the distinctive achievements of human groups, including their embodiments in artifacts; the essential core of culture consists of traditional ideas and especially their attached values; culture systems may, on the one hand, be considered as products of action, and on the other as conditioning elements of further action." (qtd. in Gannon 19). However, this definition is about 60 years old now, the world has changed since the 1950s where globalizations was not as spread as today, which is why I believe a modern definition of a culture will fit more properly than Kroeber and Kluckhohn 's. In 2001 Geert Hofstede defined culture as "a mental programming", he argued that if something contravene this program by cross-cultural interactions relationships breaks down (Gannon 19). Going back to our second
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