Parental Attachment and Substance Abuse

1976 Words8 Pages
Attachment and Substance Abuse Parental attachment, defined as a persevering emotional bond and involved interaction between parent and child, has not been critically studied with respect to the development of substance use disorders (SUDs) (Zhai, Kirisci, Tarter, & Ridenour, 2014). One probable reason for this is the consideration that attachment is generally established by two years of age and the manifestation of SUDs often appears nearly two decades later (Zhai et al., 2014). Therefore, long-term documentation is necessary to track the influence of parent-child bonding on SUDs and SUD etiology (Lander, Howsare, & Byrne, 2013). Additionally, there are several factors occurring during the developmental period, which have an impact on…show more content…
This dysfunctionality is attributed to a higher incidence of addictive disorders (Lander et al., 2013; Wedekind et al., 2013). Addiction is often regarded as an attachment disorder. Possible harmful drinking patterns are often associated with insecure attachment and an inability to regulate emotions (Wedekind et al., 2013). Recently, De Rick and colleges (2009) proposed a correlation between characteristics of personality disorders, depression, anxiety, and alcohol addiction. According to Wedekind et al. (2013) childhood experiences as well as biological factors contribute to the developing attachment styles of individuals. When observed together, the capacity for coping with anxiety, a person’s temperament (arguably inborn), and personality style may correspond with attachment styles and the creation of distinct psychopathologies which over the course of time may lead to alcohol addiction (Wedekind et al., 2013). In addition, research conducted by Wedekind et al. (2013) indicated that a high prevalence of insecure attachment styles is found in alcohol addicted inpatients, and that those who are insecurely attached, display a significantly higher expression of cognitive avoidance (Wedekind et al., 2013). Barnett (2012) considers childhood trauma as the most significant public health challenge in
Get Access