Parenting Style, Socio Economic Status Of Family And Maternal Education

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Child development included the physical, cognitive, social, and emotional maturation of human beings from fetal period to adulthood. That is also a process which is influenced by interacting biological and environmental processes. About the environmental influences, the family has the most important impact on child development. The influences that I would like to discuss are the parenting style, socio-economic status of family and maternal education. Parenting Style Parenting style is a standard strategy that parents use to care and educate for their child. Baumrind, who studied parenting styles during the early 1960s, concluded that they differ in four important areas: parents ' warmth/nurturance, discipline strategy, communication skills, and expectations of maturity. She posited three types of parenting styles: authoritarian, permissive, and authoritative (Berger 2001, as cited in Sarac 2001) Authoritarian Parenting In authoritarian parenting, parents more communicate to their children but children less communicate to their parents. Parents also have high expectation to their children. “Parents instruct and order, do not consider the children 's opinion as a group, and discourage verbal give-and-take” (Gonzalez-Mena 1993, as cited in Sarac, 2001). Children become passive due to obey their parents in order to avoid punishment from their parents. “The authoritarian parents assign the child the same responsibilities as adults" (Scarr, Weinberg, and Levine 1986).Parents
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