Parenting Styles And Their Effects On Children

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Parenting Styles and Their Effects on Children Parents play a key role in their children’s lives, including supervision, involvement, love, support, comfort, and a wide variety of discipline and punishment. The relationship between parenting styles and child is vital and impacts the child’s physical, mental, and emotional well-being. Parenting involves two dimensions, demandingness and responsiveness sometimes referred to as control and warmth. With the use of these dimensions four parenting styles have been established; authoritative, authoritarian, permissive, and disengaged. Additionally these different parenting styles have various effects on children including academics and prosocial behavior. To begin, there are two dimensions involved in parenting. The first is demandingness also known as control, the degree to which parents require their children to obey set expectations and rules for behavior (Arnett & Maynard, 2013). An example of this is having a set list of rules for tasks to complete after the child returns from school and how often punishment is practiced when tasks aren’t completed. Responsiveness, or warmth, is the degree to which parents are sensitive to their child’s basic needs for compassion, love, and concern (Arnett & Maynard, 2013). An example of this is how much a parent shows affection to their child or engage in joint activities involving high levels of enthusiastic praise and physical interaction. Next, the most two common parenting styles are
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