Pari Materia Rule

1531 WordsFeb 21, 20186 Pages
External aids to construction are necessary to construe a statute when the question of ambiguity in the language of the statute arises. The pari materia rule constitutes one of the most significant of these. As illustrated by the aforementioned quote, the rule plays a pivotal role in ascertaining and carrying out the intention of the legislature. Often, the pari materia rule is also considered the extension of the basic principle of Ex Visceribus Actus, that is, a statute has to be interpreted as a whole. The pari materia rule extends the application of this principle and considers the statutes which are based on the same subject matter as parts of a single system. This paper strives to understand the operation of this principle in India with the help of critical analysis of relevant case laws in this regard. The initial part would discuss the basic principle of Ex Visceribus Actus, further proceeding towards the treatment accorded to reference of earlier as well as subsequent statutes in the course of interpretation. Finally, the significance of the entire discussion would be summarised in the concluding part of the paper. I. Statute to be interpreted as a whole “Words, therefore, derive colour from those which surround them” In the exposition of statutes, the intention of the legislature is to be gathered from the whole of the statute, and every part of it taken and compared with other parts. No particular section of the statute should be read in isolation. Rather, each
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