Parkinson 's Disease : A Progressive Disease

1344 WordsDec 3, 20156 Pages
Parkinson’s disease Parkinson’s disease is a progressive chronic incurable neurological disorder that affects 0.3% of the populations in the United States. The incidence of Parkinson’s disease increases with age and it is estimated to affect 5% of the population over the age of 85 (Nolden 2014). Historians have found evidence of the disease as far back as 5000 B.C. It was first described as “The shaking Palsy” by British Doctor James Parkinson. Because of his early work in identifying the symptoms, the disease came to bear his name. (Parkinsons foundation, n.d.) (Parkinsons foundation, n.d.) Research has progressed at a rapid rate, however, a cure for the disease has yet to be found. A dopamine deficiency in the brain is known to be the cause of the disease but the exact mechanism for the deficiency is still unknown. Although there is not currently a cure, research has provided ways for the medical community to control and alleviate the severity of the symptoms of the disease (Parkinsons foundation, n.d.) Pathophysiology Parkinson’s is the second most common neurological disease after Alzheimer’s. It is an incurable, chronic progressive disease. Parkinson’s disease is not life threatening, but, it does have a profound effect on the quality of life (Magennis & Corry 2013). Parkinson’s disease is caused by a loss of Dopamine that affects two main brain structures, the substantia nigra pars compacta and basal ganglia deep in the central hemisphere. Low levels of
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