Parkinson 's Disease And Treatment Of Muscle Control

1656 Words Jul 30th, 2014 7 Pages
Introduction

Parkinson’s disease is a highly pathological disease dated back for thousands of years. It is the most common movement disorder in our current society and the second most common neurodegenerative disorder. Parkinson’s disease was first studied by James Parkinson in 1817, which resulted in the identification of the common symptoms of the disease. (Parkinson’s Disease Information, 2014) This disease is characterized by a progressive loss of muscle control. This loss of muscle control leads to other complications such as trembling of the limbs and head when at rest. (Board, 2013) Parkinson’s disease is very common around the world, affecting about 5 million people total, while the prevalence rate in the United States is about 1 million people. A majority of the individuals who develop Parkinson’s disease are 60 years of age or older. About 1% of individuals in the United States who are 60 years of age or older and about 4% of individuals older than 80 have the disease. (Checkoway, 2007) Through current research and therapy methods, the life expectancy of people who are diagnosed with Parkinson’s is increasing. As a result, the overall prevalence of individuals living with Parkinson’s is projected to also increase through the years. (Checkoway, 2007) Contrary to popular belief, Parkinson’s disease does not only affect older adults. Although adult-onset is the most common, early onset is also possible. Early-onset of Parkinson’s occurs in individuals who are…
Open Document