Parkinson 's Disease ( Pd )

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Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disease which is progressive, incurable and debilitating. The disease is caused by a loss of dopamine producing neurons in the brainstem which leads primarily to motor deficits. In Australia, 1 in 350 people live with PD and the prevalence is quickly growing (Parkinson 's Queensland, 2014). While most of the people diagnosed with PD are over 65 years old, people as young as 30 can develop the condition (Parkinson 's Queensland, 2014). Currently, there is no known cure for the disease and thus treatment options are limited, meaning that those living with PD, will have to manage the condition for the rest of their life. While PD is often viewed as impacting only the older generation, the effect of the condition is multi-generational. There is a high burden of care for those with PD as they may become completely dependent in most of their activities of daily living (ADL), this impacting on the role of the spouse, family and health care workers. It is therefore important for those with PD to remain as independent as possible, for as long as possible while maintaining a quality of life that is meaningful and satisfying to them. This is why occupational therapists with their unique focus on activities and meaning making, play an important role in PD management.

In a patient with PD, neurodegeneration occurs primarily in the basal ganglia and causes dysfunction of the motor loop. As this circuit is responsible for the regulation
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