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Parkinson's Disease Care Plan Essay

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Care Plan of Patient with Signs and Symptoms of Parkinson’s Disease Sarah A. Bird Ivy Tech Community College Introduction J.N., a 65-year-old Caucasian female with a history of anxiety and depression, presents for diagnostic testing at Saint Mary Medical Center in Hobart, Indiana to confirm or deny a diagnosis of Parkinson’s Disease, after presenting with recent onset of upper extremity tremor affecting both sides and facial masking. Patient history also includes bradykinesia, restlessness, fatigue, muscle weakness, and poor balance and coordination, all of which are common in a diagnosis of Parkinson’s Disease. J.N. was referred to the Neurology Department of Saint Mary Medical Center after a routine appointment with her Cardiologist, who noted the recent onset of additional signs and symptoms. J.N. is my mother and my inspiration for this assignment. Normal Anatomy & Physiology The basal ganglia, otherwise known as the basal nuclei, is the structure in the brain responsible for controlling movement. Specifically, the basal ganglia are responsible for the inhibition of muscle tone throughout the body; the selection and maintenance of purposeful motor activity, as well as the suppression of useless or unwanted patterns of…show more content…
Some experts believe this disease is related to the inhalation of pesticides, while others believe it results from the inhalation of chemical elements such as copper, lead, or manganese. It has been linked to heredity. It is believed that 15% of those diagnosed with the disease have a family history of the mutated gene. Scientists believe there are two types of carriers for this gene that determines a diagnosis of Parkinson’s Disease. The first type of carrier guarantees a diagnosis, whereas the second type of carrier only increases the chance of being diagnosed. This theory has yet to be
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