Parse and Watson Theory: A Comparative Analysis

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Parse and Watson Theory: Compare and Contrast Introduction The objective of this study is to compare and contrast Parse and Watson theory. Rosemarie Rizzo Parse (1981) is reported to have "set out to create a theory grounded in the human sciences that would enhance nursing knowledge." (Fawcett, 2001, p.26) According to Fawcett (2001) Parse stated that her idea "to create such a theory began many years ago" when she asked herself why not? According to Parse the theory "surfaced in me in Jamusian fashion over the years in interrelationship with others primarily through my lived experience with nursing. The creation of it has been long and arduous, but with many moments of joy." (Fawcett, 2001, p. 126) Lachman (2012) writes the Dr. Jean Watson's caring theory "is well known in nursing." (p.112) The three primary elements in Watson's nursing theory are: (1) the carative factors; (2) the transpersonal caring relationship; and the (3) caring occasion/caring moment. (Watson, 2001, cited in Lachman, 2012, p.112) I. Watson's Caring Theory Two examples of the carative factors described by Jean Watson in her nursing theory, later changed to caritas factors, are the development and sustainment of "helping-trusting, authentic caring relationship and being present to, and supportive of, the expression of positive and negative feelings as a connection with deeper spirit of self and the one-being-cared-for." (Watson, 2001, p.347) In order to build such a trusting, caring relationship

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