Part B Integrated Summary- Surgical Safety

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The World Health Organisation (WHO) implemented the surgical safety checklist, to minimise the discrepancies that occur as a result of improper identification of the patient (appendix O post 3). Improper identification leads to wrong procedure, hence complication and possibly death (Position Statement Surgical Safety 2015). The WHO checklist helps to improve surgical safety through confirming safety practices are upheld and developing better communication within the multidisciplinary team (Position Statement Surgical Safety 2015), thus providing optimum patient care (ACORN Competency standard 5). Surgery related complication and mortality was reduce by 33%, through a study of eight hospitals from 2007 to 2008 (Position Statement Surgical Safety 2015). Therefore proving that compliance with safety measure were increased as a result of endorsing the SSC, and obliges to competency standard 3.3. Through briefing and debriefing, standard of care is improved, as the whole multidisciplinary team is made aware of the procedure, and allows for optimal performance, which decrease surgery time, thus improve surgical safety (ACORN Competency Standard 9). Furthermore it is important that each hospital adapt their own policy in regards to the type of facility, such as in the occurrence of near miss episode (appendix 1,), institutions must refine their policy to provide the best care for the patients (Position Statement Surgical Safety 2015).

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