Parthenon

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.Introduction

There are 3 (three) architectural orders in a classical building of the ancient Greece, they are Doric, Ionic and Corinthian. As suggested by Dietsch and Stern (2002) that Doric is a common style in 7th century B.C; Ionic style is first developed in the Ionian islands around the 6th century B.C or 100 year after Doric style; and then, Corinthian style was originally from the city of Corinth around 5th century B.C., not so popular like Doric.

The Parthenon is a Doric order style of the Temple that built by the Athenian Empire in 447 BC. In terms of political and military viewpoints, the Parthenon is a symbol of Athenian imperial power. As said by Martin (1999) that the Parthenon served as a champion of military power, indicated
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The Pantheon (source: Wikipedia, 2016)

II. Discussion The initial function of both buildings is serving as a temple. Then, the Pantheon is used as the Roman Church, while the Parthenon function is as a museum now days. Moreover, there is another similarity between the Pantheon and the Parthenon that both Pantheon and Parthenon have 8 pillars in front of the entrance. These pillars to support a pediment; a triangular element in upper part of front any classical style buildings. The different between Pantheon and Parthenon are following:

1.The Pantheon was designed to be placed to commemorate every god and goddesses (all the Roman gods and goddesses), whereas the Parthenon was a temple for the patron of goddess, Athena.

2. In respect to structures, the Parthenon is a rectangular form; Columns are smaller; and columns in Doric order of classical style. Quite a contrast that the Pantheon is built in a spherical structure, look like circular from above building; columns are much larger, even to any other buildings ever built in the Greek; and columns are in the Corinthian order of classical style.

3.In term of order of classical style that Doric is not only the oldest, but also very simple form. While the Corinthian order is the newest one with a lot of fancies in the element and

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