Transcripts and field notes from observations were used equally in the analysis and both types of information are referred to as “data”. Although field observations compared to interviews could be interpreted as of lesser importance in the analyses, such data is of great value as it in many ways serve as the basis for the questions asked in the interview. For example, based on the field observations, the researcher could ask about a given observed behavior or relate a participant's answer to an observed behavior.
4. The key methods of collecting primary data (1.1). Justify the choice and application of data collection methods and research instruments to explore an area under investigation (2.3). Evaluate their relative strengths and weaknesses (2.4)
There are two types of collecting data for research, which are qualitative and quantitative research. Qualitative research is used to gain a thorough explanation about a phenomena, and ‘is normally recognisable via the use of methods that include, at least, in-depth interview and group-moderation techniques’ (Bailey 2013)
Tourism plays a vital role in economic development in most countries around the world. The industry has not only direct economic impact, but also significant indirect and influential impacts. There is agreement among experts that the travel and tourism sector is the fastest growing of global economy. According to the latest UNWTO World Tourism Barometer, international tourism receipts surpass US$ 1 trillion in 2011, growing about 3.8%up from 2010 (WTO, 2012).
The authors used participant observation and interview to do this research. I think the method of field work that provided the most insightful information was the method of participant observation. By
Using the pre-developed schedule discussed above. Every themes that emerged during each interview were also responded to with additional question answered. Interviews were 45 minutes in duration.
The interviews in this case is intended to contribute to a deeper understanding of the events from the participant observations (MacKusick & Minick,2010). Field observations of each participant will be for a period of 3 to 5 days for 5 to 8 hours per day with at least 2 sifts back to back. All interviews will be audiotaped and again notes will be made during the interview process as it did for the observation process. Interviews will be transcribed verbatim, and the recordings will be compared with the transcription to ensure accuracy. Participants will receive copies of their transcripts to review for accuracy. Upon review of the transcripts, participants will be given the opportunity to meet again with the researcher to clarify any issues they deemed
It is very clear that Durban is not well known internationally when compared to Johannesburg and Cape Town. As a result, many foreigners do not choose Durban as a tourist destination, either because they do not know about the city and its tourist attractions and facilities, or because their perceptions of the city are negative. Foreign tourist arrivals and market share has declined due to the perception that Durban is unsafe and
Tourism is a very significant factor to Morocco’s economy, as foreign direct investments total over 30 billion Euros in the past ten years. In fact, in 2009, Morocco was the only Mediterranean country to have increased more than 6% while the world market decreased by 5% (Invest in Morocco). Now, tourism in Morocco serves as 20% of the county’s GDP and has over 10 million visitors. The government sponsors enormous marketing campaigns to advertise Morocco as a cheap and exotic, yet safe, place for European tourists. Hotels, transportation, and tourist attractions all hold relatively low prices. Cheap air services have been established between Algeria and Morocco and excellent road and rail infrastructures link the major cities within the country itself to provide an easier route for all citizens and travelers. As for superstructure, King Mohammed VI has developed a large-scale project to internationalize Morocco. The project is known as “Plan Azur.” According to the government of the Kingdom of Morocco, the plan has a view to create a series of quality hotels, in respect to the principles of sustainable development. Specifically, it is designed to initialize the development of six world-class resorts: Saida in the province of Berkane, Lixus in Larache Province, Mogador in the Essaouira province, Taghazout in the province of Agadir, and White Beach in the province of Guelmim (Ministry of Tourism of Morocco). The plan is also designed to increase the development of new train and road links for tourists to travel among the many cities of Morocco, while making it easy to also reach Spain, France, and neighboring African countries, because most tourists come from the European countries. In fact, a growing number of Europeans are actually buying real estate in Morocco, now, due to the new plan and the higher sustainability projects. Unfortunately, tourism in Morocco has led to the undermining of Moroccan
When conducting field research, the strengths and weaknesses are equal and for a researcher it yields very detailed data on the topic of study, it can emphasize upon the role and relevance of social context and it can uncover social facts that may not be immediately obvious (Blackstone, 2014). The weaknesses of conducting field research may lack breadth, it could be emotionally taxing on the researcher, and documenting observations may be more challenging than other methods that could have been utilized. When conducting field research, there are two sampling designs or techniques that are used by researchers. These techniques are probability sampling and non-probability
The Travel and Tourism industry is still one of the largest single businesses in world commerce and its importance is widely recognized. The tourism industry is now one of the largest sectors earning foreign exchange. In the face of many benefits, many countries have started assigning due weight age to the tourism industry in their national development agenda. Tourism is an industry that operates on a massively broad scale: it embraces activities ranging from the smallest sea-side hotel; to air-lines, multi-national hotel chains and major international tour operators. Originally, non-traditional industries such as tourism emerged as a solution to strike a balance between ecology and industry
Development: In the development stage, the number of tourist increases at an accelerated rate and may quickly equal or exceed the number of permanent local residents (Butler, 1980). This rapid growth is triggered when large tourism groups controlling tourism retail, lodging and
Some previous studies about tourism development have demonstrated that it depends much on the goodwill, participation, and support of residents (Yoon, Gursoy, & Chen, 2001). Following the findings of Yoon, Gursoy, and Chen, they suggested that tourism should be developed base on the needs and desires of residents. The fundamental for the success and developing
Egypt is known to be the number one tourist destination in the Middle East and North Africa. It has been for years and obviously this is because of its ancient Pharos history, and pyramids in Giza and other historical sites and Luxor and all over the country has attracted tourists from around the world and for many years to visit these attractions that were built around 7000 years ago. Egypt’s tourism now is not just about cultural about heritage but it also has sun, sea and sand tourism on its beautiful beaches on both seas, the Mediterranean and the red sea. Egypt’s tourism is also very popular with its Nile cruises from Alexandria to the Upper Egypt of Luxur and Aswan via the capital Cairo.
Recently, the tourism industry of some Middle East countries has considerably developed. An average annual growth rate of international tourist arrivals has increased by 10% in the region, since 2000 (Sharpley, 2008). Especially, in the United Arab Emirates, tourism has been one of the foregrounded sectors. The UAE has started to diversify their economy, thereby decreasing dependence on fluctuating oil prices (ibid, 2008). In particular, Dubai, its largest city, has become comparatively famous destination with a high tourism increase rate (Henderson, 2006). Although there could be several constraints that might impede progress of tourism development, Dubai seemed to be capable to overcome all challenges. One of the aims of this essay is to analyse the success of Dubai’s tourism model.