Partition and Scramble of Africa

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INTRODUCTION It can be refferd to as a period whereby European powers colonised, invaded, occupied and annexed African territories in a very rapid and unprecedented manner, even though there was little interest in Africa up to the 1870's. In fact, up to 1880 Europeans ruled merely 10% of the African continent. Yet within 30 years, by 1914, European nations will have claimed all of Africa except Liberia (a small territory of freed slaves from the United States) and Abyssinia (Ethiopia), which had successfully held off Italian invaders at the battle of Adowa in 1896. The partitioning of Africa was seen as a means of easing tensions between European states which was high in the late 19th century and avoid a full blown out war in Europe…show more content…
Therefore, New Imperialism was backed up by industrialists who, while extending the limits of their markets, promoted the political expansion of western empires. The wish to realize new investments in Africa. Industrial bourgeois were constantly searching for lucrative investments, ranging from the exploitation of natural resources, such as farming or mining extraction, to production of goods, such as electric appliances, or to services, such as legal counselling. The new businesses in Africa provided huge returns because the western consumers demanded more and more items that required to be made with foreign materials. The industrialization revolution stimulated the intensification of economic relations between the West and the Africa that increased industrialists' greed and, as a consequence, cemented their desire to expand western possessions in Africa to make more money. Therefore, the aggregate investments abroad were one of the economic levies that amplified the expansion in Africa. In addition there was the idea of "civilizing" people in Africa. This was a religious motive for many Christian missionaries, in attempt to save the souls of the "uncivilized" people, and of the idea that Christians and the
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