Past, Present & Future Role of Computers in Fisheries

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Chapter 1

Past, Present and Future Trends in the Use of Computers in Fisheries Research
Bernard A. Megrey and Erlend Moksness

I think it’s fair to say that personal computers have become the most empowering tool we’ve ever created. They’re tools of communication, they’re tools of creativity, and they can be shaped by their user. Bill Gates, Co-founder, Microsoft Corporation Long before Apple, one of our engineers came to me with the suggestion that Intel ought to build a computer for the home. And I asked him, ‘What the heck would anyone want a computer for in his home?’ It seemed ridiculous! Gordon Moore, Past President and CEO, Intel Corporation

1.1 Introduction
Twelve years ago in 1996, when we prepared the first edition of
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Our aim is to provide critical reviews on the latest, most significant developments in selected topic areas that are at the cutting edge of the application of computers in fisheries and their application to the conservation and management of aquatic resources. In many cases, these are the same authors who contributed to the first edition, so the decade of perspective they provide is unique and insightful. Many of the topics in this book cover areas that were predicted in 1989 to be important in the future (Walters 1989) and continue to be at the forefront of applications that drive our science forward: image processing, stock assessment, simulation and games, and networking. The chapters that follow update these areas as well as introduce several new chapter topic areas. While we recognize the challenge of attempting to present up to date information given the rapid pace of change in computers and the long time lines for publishing books, we hope that the chapters in this book taken together, can be valuable where they suggest emerging trends and future directions that impact the role computers are likely to serve in fisheries research.

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Past, Present and Future Trends in the Use of Computers

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1.2 Hardware Advances
It is difficult not to marvel at how quickly
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