Path-Goal Leadership Theory Literature Review

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

No | Item | | Page No | 1.0 | Introduction | - | 1 | 2.0 | Background of Path-Goal Theory | - | 3 | 3.0 | Formulation & Development of Path-Goal Theory | - | 7 | 4.0 | Basic Concept an Analysis of Path-Goal Theory | - | 18 | 5.0 | Issues & Criticisms of Path-Goal Theory | - | 22 | 6.0 | Impact of Path-Goal Theory | | 24 | 7.0 | Related Examples | - | 25 | 8.0 | Recommendation | - | 28 | 9.0 | Conclusion | - | 30 | | References | - | 31 |

1.0 INTRODUCTION Path Goal Theory also known as the path–goal theory of leader effectiveness or the path–goal model is a theory proposed by Martin Evans and Robert House, which is then developed by Robert House who is an
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Effective leaders clarify the path to help their followers achieve their goals and make the journey easier by reducing roadblocks and pitfalls. Research demonstrates that employee performance and satisfaction are positively influenced when the leader compensates for the shortcomings in either the employee or the work setting.

Overall, the path-goal theory, path-goal theory of leader effectiveness, or path-goal model can be considered as a variant on Transactional Leadership Theory, where the leader clearly is directing activity and the only factor that varies is the manner in which this is done. There are some aspects of Contingency Theory, as well, where various means of application vary with the situation. The leader sees a path that needs to be tread, one leading to the accomplishment of a goal and she or he attempts to clear it and get the group members to tread on it. The leader may cajole command, reward or punish, get suggestions from the group, or sugar coat the tasks, if necessary, but it is clear that democracy is not the hallmark of this method. The Path-goal of Leadership Effectiveness was created to rectify prior research and anomalies resulting from empirical investigations of the effects of leader/task orientation and leader/person orientation/relationship on worker satisfaction and performance (House 1971).

This literature review will give the origin of the theory, define the theory, and describe and give example
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