Pathological Gambling And Alcohol Addiction World Wide

1370 Words Dec 13th, 2015 6 Pages
Relating to the issue of subgroups, pathological gambling was originally classified as an impulse control disorder by the DSM-IV-TR (APA, 2000), though, based on its criteria similar to substance dependence, some researchers preferred to consider it a behavioural addiction (Blanco et al., 2001; Potenza et al., 2002). Goudriaan et al. (2006) provide a similar argument, stating that pathological gambling and alcohol dependence share common EF deficits, and it has since been amended to be a behavioural addiction the in the DSM-V (APA, 2013). The divisive topic of screening and diagnosis could have serious consequences on the quality of care, or form of therapy, a pathological gambler may receive or decide to enter. Whether they legitimately have EF deficits or not could significantly alter the efficacy of the treatment they are receiving. For example, Gambler’s Anonymous is the most popular treatment for gambling addiction world-wide, but it may be largely unequipped to deal with gamblers whose addiction is primarily of a biological nature, rather than a behavioural one, or with specific sub-groups of gamblers.
Gamblers Anonymous (GA) is a twelve step facilitation program based on the well-known Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) twelve step program, which was launched in 1957 and has since grown on a global scale. However, research into the program seems to suggest that the large scale of participation may not accurately indicate its success rate. Stewart and Brown (1988) found that…
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