Pathology Of Autism Essay

625 Words3 Pages
Pathology
The greatest change in the diagnostic demographics of developmental disabilities in the last 25 years is the emergence of autism spectrum disorder as a primary disability condition. (Boyd, B. A., Odom, S. L., Humphreys, B. P., Sam A.M., 2010). Autism affects numerous amounts of children each year, approximately 1 in every 88 children are diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (CDC 2012).
There has been great discussion over the recent increase in Autism over the decades with no full explanation as to why. Scientists believe that both genetics and environment may play a role in Autism Spectrum Disorder. Studies suggest that ASD could be a result of disturbances in normal brain growth very early in development. These disruptions
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The signs of autism vary considerably among children and as they continue to develop. Early deficits in social awareness and communication have a negative effect on the development of later important behaviors. A child who is not socially engaged and does not learn to communicate effectively is at a definite disadvantage in learning more complex and subtle social and communicative skills. Also, individuals with autism disorder have markedly different social and emotional actions and reactions than non-autistic individuals. For example, many autistic children do not seem to care whether or not they get attention from their parents. Many autistic individuals seem to have an impairment in one or more of their senses. This impairment can involve the auditory, visual, tactile, taste, vestibular, olfactory (smell), and proprioceptive senses. These senses may be hypersensitive, hyposensitive, or may result in the person experiencing interference such as in the case of tinnitus, (a persistent ringing or buzzing in the ears). As a result, it may be difficult for individuals with autism to process incoming sensory information
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