Pathology of Scoliosis

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Pathology of Scoliosis Scoliosis is a medical condition that makes ones spine to curve abnormally. Scoliosis can be classified as congenital, idiopathic, or neuromuscular. Congenital scoliosis occurs when there are anomalies on the spine at child birth. The causes of idiopathic scoliosis are not known. Idiopathic scoliosis can further be sub-classified as juvenile, infantile, adolescent or adult depending on the onset of the condition. Neuromuscular scoliosis does develop as a secondary symptom of other medical conditions like spina bifida or even cerebral palsy. Despite the fact that a lot of studies do not authenticate this, it is thought that Chiari malformation may be the route cause of scoliosis. Late-onset idiopathic scoliosis, the most common form of this medical condition, is not physiologically harmful and cannot lead to immobility even if medical intervention is not sought (Kouwenhoven & Castelein, 2008). People who have attained skeletal maturity are rarely affected by scoliosis. Scoliosis commonly affects girls than boys. In fact, it is two times more common in girls than in boys. It can occur at any age. However, it is very common among those aged above ten years. It is a hereditary disease. The genes for scoliosis are more likely to be passed from the parents to the offspring making children whose parents had scoliosis an at-risk group (Ogilvie, 2010). Almost all patients having scoliosis have abnormal curve on their spine. This can be easily noticed by
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