Pathophysiology Of Babies Research Paper

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Throughout the course of a year, the viral disease that is responsible for making mammals go crazy kills thousands. The disease commonly goes by the name of “rabies” which is a neurological disease that prioritizes its attacks on the brain. Once in control, the disease creates various symptoms that lead to death. Rabies can be transmitted throughout mammals and humans through exposure to the diseased bacteria. This includes any wound that exposes the bloodstream which results in direct contact with the bacteria. The main cause of the deaths are due to the lack of treatment. Now, vaccines are given to prevent infection but, failure to obtain this vaccine places the mammal at a greater risk of death. Rabies is a neurological viral disease that…show more content…
In this category, the fatty membrane called the rhabdoviridae infects mammals vertebrates and attacks their central nervous system. Britannica states that “the virus propagates along nerve tissue from the wound to the brain and becomes established in the central nervous system” (1). Once the disease has taken over the central nervous system, the most common side effect of foaming at the mouth becomes present. In the saliva, the rhabdoviridae is available for transmission to any warm-blooded animal. The rhabdoviridae relies on the host to create and regulate heat so the bacteria can duplicate and spread. The “typical incubation period is three to eight weeks, but it can be as little as nine days or as long as several years in some rare cases” (American Humane 1). This means that the process in which the bacteria grows and spreads varies. There is not a specific time period in which the host of the disease knows they have rabies. However, the signs of the disease forming inside the host's body come out in symptoms. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) states that, “there may be discomfort or a prickling or itching sensation at the site of bite, progressing within days to symptoms of cerebral dysfunction, anxiety, confusion, agitation” (CDC What are the Signs and Symptoms of Rabies 1). These are all symptoms indicating that the host could have the rabies disease…show more content…
Once the disease activates the salivary glands, the saliva in the host becomes infected and ready to spread its bacteria. One of the most common ways the virus is transmitted is “through the bite and virus-containing saliva of an infected host. Though transmission has been rarely documented via other routes such as contamination of mucous membranes (i.e., eyes, nose, mouth), aerosol transmission, and corneal and organ transplantations” (CDC How is Rabies Transmitted 1).The rabies bacteria enters the bloodstream in the area in which the victim was infected. Slowly, the bacteria begins to infiltrate the victim's system and begins to attack the central nervous system. Once established, the rabies disease continues its production and attacks on the body. As said before, beginning signs include itching and prickling sensations at the point of infection. However, as the disease targets more of the body, the side effects become much more severe. These symptoms “may include insomnia, anxiety, confusion, slight or partial paralysis, excitation, hallucinations, agitation, hypersalivation (increase in saliva), difficulty swallowing, and hydrophobia (fear of water). Death usually occurs within days of the onset of these symptoms” (CDC Rabies 1). As the CDC explains, when the rabies disease has progressed enough to destroy enough tissue, the host will die. Though, in order to prevent the
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