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Patient Falls: A Case Study

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Patient falls are the leading patient safety event that causes injuries in health care organizations today. The National Database for Nursing Quality Indicators describes a patient fall as an “unplanned descent to the floor”. Inpatient falls account for forty percent of all hospital acquired injuries (Rheaume & Fruh, 2015, p. 318). Fall rates are higher for older adult patients, and half of all falls result in injury. Patient falls contribute to an increased length of stay and an increased cost of hospitalization. The medical costs related to patient falls is approximately $30 billion dollars per year (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2016). In 2008, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) introduced pay-for-performance
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